Part 1 Tree of Dharma Part 1
Part 2 Tree of Dharma Sahodara Case
The Nara Purushartha Pratigya Case
Arjuna was the avatar of Nara. Arjuna is also represented as the Archer of the family. Actually, all five brothers were extraordinary archers. Bhima did not do his killing mace to face or sword to gizzard but using the Bow his father used in the past. Yudhishthara used the Bow of Indra while Nakula used the Bow Vishnu used to defeat Siva and was the Bow used to win Draupadi at the Svyamvara. Sahadeva used the bow of Ashvinikumars.
For that matter, Ghatotkacha used Ravana’s own bow and chariot. The sons of Draupadi who are confused by later interpolations as Visvedevas but originally were the Rudras (Visvas originally) used the bows belonging to that order.
Prativindhya used the Raudra bow, Sootasoma used his maternal grandfather’s Agneya bow, Shrutkarmma used Siva’s Kauverya bow (from Siva to Parasurama to Drona to Arjuna to Shrutkarmma), Shatanika used Yama’s bow, Shrutashana used Kapardi Rudra’s bow Girisha while Abhimanyu also used another Raudra bow.
They were all Archers. And Arjuna was the best of them.
The stream of arrows emanating from the Bow of Arjuna spread out over the horizon and the skies sheltering the destitute and followers of dharma like the widespread and multi-formed branches of the tree of Dharma.
Arjuna the Nara, who throws back the forces of establishment standing for the oppression, dogma and outmoded rituals and provides the safe refuge for those who need slace. .
“Keep, ancient kulas, your storied pomp!” cries he
“Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming slums,
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my bow to light the lamp beside the golden door of dharma!”
There is a reason, Arjuna and Bhima are directly connected to the Yudhishthara. The Trunk and the Branches. Born of lady Siddhi.
Dharma is the father of both Vayu and Nara as well as Narayana.
That is why the roots are both Krishna as well as Brahma. Brahma is father to Dharma. Krishna or Vishnu is the guiding principle. The earliest description of Dharma tree would have Krishna also as the perfume pervading the tree.
Nara thus is the branches of the tree that provides the weapons to be built. In the tree of adharma, Sakuni is the branches and he provides the deadly weapons of dyuta.
Nara or Arjuna provides the weapons under the control of the greatest archer of all time. The most learned archer of all time. The only archer with knowledge of all six of the main branches of the archery, two of them unknown even to Drona.
Link: Arjuna and his archery
Arjuna acquired the deadly divyastras in plenty from Drona and he also acquired the divyastras again in plenty from Devas, Dikpalas and Siva himself. He acquired weapon set that was never before under control of one human ever in the history of the world.
And With great Power comes Great responsibility.
The very reason Arjuna, the Nara himself was chosen for this task was that he was the only one who could handle that responsibility.
पात्रे त्यागी गुणे रागी संविभागी च बन्धुषु |
शास्त्रे बोद्धा रणे योद्धा स वै ज्ञनरज्ञउच्यते ||
(One who) donates to right person (for noble cause), appreciates good qualities in others, shares joys and sorrows with brothers, gathers knowledge of science and is ( an excellent ) warrior on battlefield is called the ‘Nara’ .
And Arjuna demonstrated that responsibility again and again.
When Duryodhana drunk on the power of his armies asked his warriors in how much time can they kill the enemy and the answers rang out.
Bheeshma: “I, I can annihilate the Pandava army, O blessed monarch, taking every morning ten thousand (ordinary) warriors and one thousand car-warriors as my share from day to day. Cased in mail and always exerting myself actively, I can, O Bharata, annihilate this large force, according to this arrangement as regards both number and time. If, however, stationed in battle, I shoot my great weapons that slay hundreds and thousands at a time, then I can, O Bharata, finish the slaughter in a month. But you are my sons as are they, that will always color my actions in the battlefield.”
Bheeshma decided to stay the slaughter at 10000 warriors and 1000 rathis a day otherwise, he can finish the Pandava army in one month.
Drona: I can in one month. Kripa: I can in two months. Aswathhama: I can in 10 days. Karna: I take oath that in 5 days I can destroy the entire Pandava army.
When Yudhisthara’s spies reported these conversations, he also summoned his General staff to meeting. He asked Arjuna the same question.
Arjuna answered: It will take me a few seconds. You, o Dharmaraja, can destroy them in a twinkling of an eye using that angry gaze of yours.
Arjuna stated : “Let thy heart’s anguish, however, be dispelled. I, I can, on a single car, exterminate the three worlds with even the immortals, indeed, all mobile creatures that were, are, will be, in the twinkling of the eye. But this is what I, I will not do”.
Arjuna added: “That terrible and mighty weapon Pasupata which Mahadeva gave me still existeth with me. Indeed, O Nara Shardula, that weapon is used by Mahadeva at the end of the Kalpa for destroying created things. I have many more such weapons. Gangaputra has no knowledge of such weapons and their counters, Guru Drona does not know of them and neither does Kripa or son of Drona. When they have no such knowledge, how could karna even know of these.”
“BUT it is not, however, proper to slay ordinary men in battle by means of celestial weapons.”
“We, WE shall band together to vanquish our foes in a fair fight. These your supporters are true tigers among men, O king, all of them are well-versed in celestial weapons and human weapons, and all of them are eager for battle. All of them after their initiation in the Vedas have undergone the final bath in sacrifices. All of them are unvanquished. “
“WE are competent, O son of Pandu, to slay in battle the army of even the celestials.”
“We, this grand fellowship of warriors include your sons the Draupdeyas, the mighty Abhimanyu, and mighty son of Hidimba; and this young man, grandson Anjanparvan who is endued with great strength and prowess; and of course Saineya of mighty arms and well-versed in battle.”
“We, WE have as allies Sikhandin, and Yuyudhana and Dhristadyumna; and Bhimasena, and these twins of Madri, and Yudhamanyu, and Uttamaujas, and Virata and Drupada who are equal in battle unto Bhishma and Drona; and the mighty-armed Sveta.”
“O King, thou art thyself, again, competent to exterminate the three worlds! O thou that art endued with effulgence equal unto that of Sakra himself, I know it, O Kaurava, for it is manifest, that any man or army upon whom thou mayest cast thy eyes in anger is sure to be annihilated!’
“We, WE shall defend our army and overcome our enemies as a team and not individuals. We are greater than the sum of our whole and we shall show that on the battlefield.”
The Kaurava warriors spoke of individual brilliance and individual action while Arjuna immediately stopped that train of thought and focused on joint action, to defend and to attack.
Arjuna forsook the very celestial weapons he spent five years meditating as they would be adharmic to be used against the mere humans.
It is not that he did not use divine weapons. He used them when it was warranted. He used them through the war as counter weapons.
On the third evening, when surrounded by 15 Kaurava warriors, he unleashed the power of Mahendraastra.
When Sakuni used the magic weapons on Day 12. Arjuna countered Sakuni’s maya.
Shakuni used the darkness and sound mayas. Arjuna used Jyotirmaya astra to counter these mayas. Then Shakuni used the maya of huge downpour of rain which Arjuna dried using Adityastra. Thus, Shakuni used various mayas and Arjuna countered them with his divyastras. Exhausting all options, Shakuni ran away.
Arjuna used the divine weapons as a defensive and not offensive means.
He did not use them even on the day he put his life at risk. That was the confidence of the man in his own innate ability and skills and in his team to back him up.
Even on 14th day. Arjuna was time bound and Eleven Akshuahinis protected Jayadratha beyond a triple Vyuha of Chakravyuha, Shakatavyuha and Suchimukhavyuha.
Arjuna had taken the oath to kill Jayadratha or kill himself. He had restricted his own time. He had announced his intentions. He had made everything difficult for himself and he did not bat an eyelid.
अभिमानो धनंयेषां चिरजीवन्ति ते जना: |
Those who have wealth of self-confidence, they live a long life.
Arjuna did not use divine weapons. He did not use it when Yudhishthara was in danger on 12th day. Drona used Brhmastra on Yudhishthara which Yudhishthara easily stopped. Arjuna did not use it when Abhimanyu died. Taking an oath means that you follow it to the end.
Raghukula reeta sada chaliaayi…
Karna took an oath to destroy the Pandava army in five days, he had seven days and a night and failed.
Arjuna suggested that he will not use the divine weapons in offensive manner and he did not.
असभ्दि: शपथेनोक्तं जले लिखितमक्षरम् |
सभ्दिस्तु लीलया प्राोक्तं शिलालिखितमक्षरम् ||
The oath taken by the wicked person are like the letters written on the water (temporary!). In contrast, even the informal words uttered by the saintly person are like the letters imprinted on rocks!
Thank you Pranshu Sir for such a nice post.
Deepak Kumar Jha (A Learner)