यस्मै देवाः प्रयच्छन्ति पुरुषाय पराभवम् |
बुद्धिं तस्यापकर्षन्ति सोऽपाचीनानि पश्यति ||
When the gods wish to defeat a man, they first take his intelligence away, so that his vision becomes distorted.
बुद्धौ कलुषभूतायां विनाशे प्रत्युपस्थिते |
अनयो नयसङ्काशो हृदयान्नापसर्पति ||
When destruction is nigh and intelligence is clouded, an improper course of action appears as the proper course of action and sticks to the heart.
After defeating the Pandavas in unfair game of dice, Vidura and Dhritrashtra had good amount of discussion regarding returning the kingdom to Pandavas and making peace with them but the Pragyachakshu king Dhrirashtra didn’t understand the moral lesson and peace massages and threw away the Vidura out of the Kingdom like Ravana did with Vibhishna.
स मा जिह्मं विदुर सर्वं ब्रवीषि; मानं च तेऽहमधिकं धारयामि |
यथेच्छकं गच्छ वा तिष्ठ वा त्वं; सुसान्त्व्यमानाप्यसती स्त्री जहाति ||
Dhritrashtra said “O Vidura! Though I hold you in great respect, everything that your tongue has uttered in wrong. Stay or go, as you please. However much she is pacified, an unchaste wife always leaves.”
Dhritrashtra called Vidura as Unchaste wife.
Common discussions were aroused between citizens. “How we can live in this kingdom. Everything in this lineage is insecure. We are not secure. Our houses are not secure, when the evil Duryodhana, aided by Soubala, Karna and Duhshasana, are covetous of the kingdom. When there is no lineage, there is no good conduct and no dharma, how can there be happiness? Duryodhana hates his superiors. He has abandoned good conduct and his well-wishers. He is avaricious of riches and insolent. He is mean and his character is reprehensible. Where Duryodhana is king, the earth cannot remain healthy. Let us all go where the virtuous Pandavas are going. They are great-souled and not given to wrath. They have control over their senses and enemies. They are modest and the performers of deeds. Their conduct is in accordance with dharma.”
When Dhritrashtra realized his mistake, he ordered to Sanjaya to bring him back. He was the wise King. He didn’t not let him (Vidura) free. He had known, what happened with Ravana. He knows how it could be more dangerous for him. He had examples but still didn’t abandon his son Duryodhana, who was the main culprits of the destruction of lineage.
How Dhritarashtra could have do that?
We have a large group of Karna fans, who abuse Kunti for abandoning the Karna. But we know, it was not easy for Kunti to flow him in river. She was miserable in whole life for that and got a curse too. It’s easy to talk about abandoning a child or a son, but if it is not impossible task then again It is not easiest task too.
Son is called as Anga (limbs), part of body. Son is reason of Joy, prosperity, achievements, dream, expectation, glory and what he had not achieved himself. Pind-Dana is another best ritual in Sanatana Dharma which sons only can perform.
Dhritrashtra, a blind king had no capabilities to throw away a son, who was dearer than his own life. Vyasa described Dhritrashtra as route of ADHARMA TREE. Duryodhana was the only fruit or crop of his melodious dream. He had lamented before his father -Vyasa and told how he is incapable.
Dhritarashtra said, “O illustrious one! This affair of the gamble did not bring me pleasure. O sage! I think it was destiny which overcame me and made me agree. It did not bring pleasure to Bhishma, Drona or Vidura either, nor to Gandhari. There is no doubt that the gambling was caused by delusion. O illustrious one! I cannot abandon the insensible Duryodhana. O one with vows! Though I know, I am bound by affection for my son.”
Vyasa was agreed and replied “O king! O Vichitravirya’s son! What you have said is true. I know that a son is supreme and nothing is superior to a son. Indra himself realized this through the flow of Surabhi’s tears. He understood that a son surpasses all other riches, no matter how expensive.”
We have remember the destruction of Yadavas in Mausala Parva, where Krishna enraged and killed own lineage himself. Arjuna did the same on 14th Day after death of Abhimanyu’s.
Krishna and Arjuna both were the Narayana and Nara, who had full control on their senses but still they killed large number of own people because of anger and son’s death. A Son (Daughter too) makes the father to feel proud on him.
That’s what Yudhisthira said regarding anger;
क्रोधमूलो विनाशो हि प्रजानामिह दृश्यते |
तत्कथं मादृशः क्रोधमुत्सृजेल्लोकनाशनम् ||
क्रुद्धः पापं नरः कुर्यात्क्रुद्धो हन्याद्गुरूनपि |
क्रुद्धः परुषया वाचा श्रेयसोऽप्यवमन्यते ||
वाच्यावाच्ये हि कुपितो न प्रजानाति कर्हिचित् |
नाकार्यमस्ति क्रुद्धस्य नावाच्यं विद्यते तथा ||
हिंस्यात्क्रोधादवध्यांश्च वध्यान्सम्पूजयेदपि |
आत्मानमपि च क्रुद्धः प्रेषयेद्यमसादनम् ||
The terrible anger contributes to his downfall. It has been seen that anger is the root of destruction for all beings. How can someone like me indulge in anger, when it brings about the destruction of the worlds? The angry man commits sin. The angry man may even murder his superiors. The angry man abuses his superiors with harsh words. When angered, one cannot distinguish between what should be said and what should not be said. There is nothing that such a person cannot do or say. From anger, one can kill someone who should not be killed, or honor someone who should be killed.
Vyasa was agreed on Dhrirashtra’s words. He was the also father of three sons – Dhritrashtra, Pandu and Vidura. He was also miserable for other grandson’s grief (Pandavas). He narrated the story of Surabhi (COW – Animal), how she was miserable for one son.
Indra asked to Surabhi “O fortunate one! Why are you crying like this? Is everything well with the gods, men and cattle? Or is there some misfortune that is more than slight?”
Surabhi, the mother of all cows said “O lord of the thirty gods! I am sorrowing for my son and that is the reason I am weeping. My son is small and weak and he is burdened by the plough. See that terrible peasant beat him with a stick. I see him terribly exhausted and close to death. O lord of the gods! I am overcome with compassion for him and my mind is agitated. One of those two is stronger and bears the burden of greater weight. But the other one has little strength of life and is thin, with nothing but veins.
O Vasava! He bears the burden with great difficulty and that is the reason I am grieving. He is close to death and is repeatedly beaten with the stick. O Vasava! Look. He is unable to bear the burden. Driven by compassion for him, I am sorrowful and extremely miserable. I am weeping and tears of sorrow are flowing from my eyes.
Indra was wondered and asked, “O beautiful one! Thousands of your sons are equally oppressed. Why are you driven by compassion for this one? He is only one among several oppressed.”
Surabhi replied “I have thousands of sons everywhere and I look upon them equally. O Shakra! But my compassion is truly greater for the son who is oppressed.”
‘After hearing the Surabhi’s words, Indra was greatly surprised. He became convinced that a son was dearer than one’s own life. At that, the illustrious chastiser of Paka suddenly let loose a great shower of rain there and caused an obstruction to the act of ploughing.’
Vyasa continued “O king! As Surabhi had said, all your sons may be equal to you. But among all your sons, your compassion should be greatest towards the one who is oppressed. O son! Just as Pandu was my son, you are also my son, and so is the immensely wise Vidura. It is out of affection towards you that I am telling you all this. O lord of the earth! You have one hundred and one sons to outlive you (Yuyutsu). But Pandu’s are seen to be only five and they are in a bad state and extremely miserable. How will they manage to remain alive? How will they prosper? Such thoughts about the miserable sons of Pritha torment my mind. O lord of the earth! If you wish the Kouravas to live, let your son Duryodhana go to the Pandavas and make peace.”
As I said above, Dhritrashtra was not capable enough with his heart. He was wise but weak hearted and had evil planner. He was censuring the destiny but not ready to throw his evil son. He had thrown away Dharma (Vidura and Yudhishthira) earlier but not Adharmamik son Duryodhana.
Dhritarashtra said “O immensely wise sage! It is exactly as you say. I know this and so do all the other lords of men. O sage! What you consider to be beneficial for the welfare of the Kurus was also pointed out to me by Vidura, Bhishma and Drona. If you have compassion for the Kouravas, teach my evil-souled son Duryodhana.”
Dhritrashtra had simple excuses of affection and destiny. He didn’t use the force to stop his son and that’s brought the disaster. He didn’t cut his limbs. He forgot when a limbs cause the painful diseases, we should to cut that from our body.
As Vidura said “To save a family, abandon a man; to save the village, abandon a family; to save the country, abandon a village; to save the soul, abandon the earth.“
Deepak Kumar Jha (A Learner)